Ideological, Attitudinal and Social Identity Perspectives
Edited By Martin Pütz and Neele Mundt
Dörte Borchers - Linguistic rights and mother tongue education in post-civil war Nepal
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Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
Linguistic rights and mother tongue education in post-civil war Nepal
Abstract Most of the more than 70 languages spoken in Nepal played no role in the public life of Nepal before the citizens of that country established a multi-party democracy in 1990. The Constitution of 1990, however, acknowledges Nepal’s multilingualism and mentions the state’s obligation to support the country’s languages and cultures as well as the right of Nepal’s people to be educated in their mother tongue (HMG 1990: Articles 1, 2, 18). The Interim Constitution of 2007, drafted after the civil war (1995–2006), contains further provisions regarding the use of the country’s languages for official purposes (Interim Constitution of Nepal (2063) 2007).
A result of political agitation of the Maoist party during the civil war was an increase in self-esteem among members of Nepal’s minority groups. More people became interested in their heritage and began promoting publications in and about the various languages of Nepal and to introduce mother tongue education in schools. In 2007, the Nepalese Ministry of Education and Sports, with the support of the Finnish government, initiated a project to implement multilingual education in all primary schools by the year 2015. Despite these efforts, the situation of the majority of Nepal’s languages has not changed significantly and the majority of languages are as threatened as they were before.
While by the year 2014...
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