Ideological, Attitudinal and Social Identity Perspectives
Edited By Martin Pütz and Neele Mundt
Eeva Sippola - Rap and resistance in Chabacano
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Aarhus University, Denmark University of Bremen, Germany
Rap and resistance in Chabacano
Abstract This paper examines responses to language endangerment in the Chabacano-speaking community of Ternate, Philippines. Focusing on the use of Chabacano in rap music, I analyse how young speakers are actively reshaping this creole language through their linguistic practices as a reaction to changes in the national and global context. Based on a corpus of rap lyrics, sociolinguistic interviews, and participant observation, the analysis reveals how Chabacano can be used in rap music as a means of empowerment in a language endangerment situation. Rap empowers young Chabacano speakers as competent users of the language and is also widely accepted as a new domain for the language in the community in general. This study sheds light on these complex processes of negotiation of linguistic practices and the realignment of endangered linguistic and cultural identities in a multilingual environment.
Keywords: Chabacano; creole; endangerment; globalisation; language ideology; Philippines; rap music
This paper explores how the use of an endangered creole variety in rap music contributes to language preservation efforts in the Chabacano-speaking community of Ternate, Philippines. The analysis centres on how young speakers are reshaping their traditional community language through their linguistic practices as a reaction to changes in the national and global context.
Language endangerment and death are often connected to rapid sociolinguistic change due to forces of globalization....
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