Ideological, Attitudinal and Social Identity Perspectives
Eeva Sippola - Rap and resistance in Chabacano
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Aarhus University, Denmark University of Bremen, Germany
Rap and resistance in Chabacano
Abstract This paper examines responses to language endangerment in the Chabacano-speaking community of Ternate, Philippines. Focusing on the use of Chabacano in rap music, I analyse how young speakers are actively reshaping this creole language through their linguistic practices as a reaction to changes in the national and global context. Based on a corpus of rap lyrics, sociolinguistic interviews, and participant observation, the analysis reveals how Chabacano can be used in rap music as a means of empowerment in a language endangerment situation. Rap empowers young Chabacano speakers as competent users of the language and is also widely accepted as a new domain for the language in the community in general. This study sheds light on these complex processes of negotiation of linguistic practices and the realignment of endangered linguistic and cultural identities in a multilingual environment.
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