Edited By Robertas Jucevicius, Jurgita Bruneckiene and Gerd-Bodo von Carlsburg
Giedrius Jucevicius & Shlomo Maital - National Strategies of Smart Development: Turning Constraints into Growth Opportunities
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School of Economics and Business, Kaunas University of Technology, Faculty of Economics and Management, Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, Lithuania
Samuel Neaman Institute for Advanced Studies in Science and Technology, Technion, Haifa, Israel
National Strategies of Smart Development: Turning Constraints into Growth Opportunities
“Smart” emerged as one of the most popular keywords, if not the “buzzwords” of the early 21st century. We will start out by looking at the notion of “smart development”, its key principles and practical applications in diverse national and regional settings. But at the outset of discussion, we have to present a brief overview of perspectives and conceptual assumptions behind the notion of smart development of social system.
First of all, “smartness” is a social construct, which means that it has no objective presence, but is “defined into existence”. In other words, it is part of our shared understanding and consensus, but it is not an objectively identifiable phenomenon. It cannot be touched or measured on the basis of uniform criteria, but rather on the ones that are collectively agreed upon and stem from the nature of definition.
The second important observation is that until recently, the adjective “smart” was more a product of popular use than a serious academic concept derived and agreed upon by the scientific community. To a large extent, it draws popularity from the latest technological trends (e.g. smart...
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