Edited By Robertas Jucevicius, Jurgita Bruneckiene and Gerd-Bodo von Carlsburg
Robertas Jucevicius & Palmira Juceviciene - Smart Social System
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Institute of Business Strategy Kaunas University of Technology Kaunas, Lithuania
Department of Educational science Kaunas University of Technology Kaunas, Lithuania
Smart Social System
Recently the term smart has been widely used in the scholarly literature and in the documents of the EU. There are plenty of derivatives too: smart system, smart human being, smart people, smart city, smart region, smart country, etc. One factor unites the abundance of this essential term and its derivatives – it is quite frequent that the same term used in different sources reflects a different meaning. The reason for this may be that the term and its derivatives were introduced in the scholarly literature only about two decades ago and therefore require a more substantive discussion and conceptualisation. The conceptualisation of the term smart and its derivatives became especially evident in White Paper ‘Smart Cities as Innovation Ecosystems Sustained by the Future Internet’ (Schaffers, Komninos, Pallot, 2012) prepared as a result of the Framework 7 project FIREBALL. In this White Paper the authors admit that the term smart is often used purely for city marketing aims; thus, it does not reflect the real meaning of smart. The authors of the White Paper mention several researchers who, according to the authors, presented several useful definitions of ‘smart city’. First of all, Caragliu with co-authors (2009) think that there is evidence of calling a city ‘smart’, if investments...
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