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International Practices of Smart Development


Edited By Robertas Jucevicius, Jurgita Bruneckiene and Gerd-Bodo von Carlsburg

Smart people make a smart city. This volume presents a collection of papers on the concept of smartness, smart development and the international practices in the field. There are five key topic areas: the conceptual, smart economy, smart specialisation, smart city and public governance. The concept of a smart social system is grounded on comparative analysis of competing concepts such as intelligence, knowledge driven, digital, learning, networked, innovative, agile and sustainable.
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Michiel S de Vries & Iwona Sobis - From Evidence-Based Policies to Evidence-Based Public Sector Reforms


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Michiel S de Vries

Radboud University, Institute of Management Research Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Iwona Sobis

University of Gotheborg School of Public Administration Gothenburg, Sweden

From Evidence-Based Policies to Evidence-Based Public Sector Reforms


Public sector reforms have always shown a maximum of variance in their effects. In the 1990s Thomas (1993) called the empirical evidence of effects of reorganisations complicated. Tyack & Cuban (1997) labelled reorganisations as “tinkering towards utopia”. Barbara Romzek (2000) stated diplomatically “the reality of public sector reform represents substantial challenges” (p. 21). Therkildsen (2001) told for Public Sector Reforms in African countries that “Reform efforts in the region have so far produced mixed results” (p. iii). This is similar to the conclusion by Ayee in 2008, saying, “The short-term record of civil service reform in Africa is mixed” (Ayee, 2008, p. 134). In 2010 Tambulasi argued for Malawi, “the new public management model that Malawi, like most African countries, adopted under the influence of donor organizations has not led to the intended development” (Tambulasi, 2010). Nils Brunsson (2000, 2009) stated for reforms in general that “reforms often yield disappointing results”. As to Denmark Skaerback (1998) concluded that money and other resources are wasted on ‘a very expensive governance ritual.’ Andrews (2015) argued for Brazil that “Results from privatisation in Brazil have a divergent character. The privatization of the telecommunications sector … is a huge success story, but privatization of monopolistic services in...

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