The Use of Outdoor Learning from the Perspective of Preschool Teachers and Principals
According to contemporary preschool pedagogy, it is important to create opportunities that involve indoor as well as outdoor learning, thus ensuring varied and creative activities that also provide good conditions of socialization for children. The Estonian national curriculum for preschool childcare institutions (2008) emphasizes the importance of studying through games, observation, researching and testing in different environments. The goal of this research was to determine the implementation practices of outdoor education in Estonian kindergartens based on the evaluation of responses made by kindergarten teachers and principals. The research method selected for the study was a written questionnaire. A total of 204 preschool principals and 490 teachers from Estonian preschools participated. The findings of the study revealed that teachers’ and principals’ views regarding the possibilities of using outdoor learning in Estonian preschools differ. Typically, principals rated the opportunities and feasibility of using outdoor learning in preschools more highly than teachers.
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