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Modernizing Practice Paradigms for New Music

Periodization Theory and Peak Performance Exemplified Through Extended Techniques


Jennifer Borkowski

The author examines how new music scores with extended playing techniques call for new practice structures. YouTube access to basic instructional videos and the streaming of sound files allows musicians today to learn easily and independently. Yet, the trailblazers in new music tackled new scores without these aids; they used imagination, experimentation and tenacity. Conscious use of both learning modalities can augment ideas of practice and performance preparation; expanding new music’s reach while preserving its fire. Practice is differentiated between the quick learning for an upcoming performance and the transformative learning that new music offers. Periodization theory from sport science provides a pedagogical framework for building both mental and physical stamina leading to peak performance.
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XI. Literature Recommendations by Subject


XI.   Literature Recommendations by Subject

a.   Resources for Modern Flute Music and Extended Techniques

Andraud (Ed.). (1941). The modern flutist. San Antonio, TX: Southern Music.

Artaud, P. Y. (1991). Die Flöte. Frankfurt am Main: Musikverlag Zimmerman.

Barta, A. G. (1998). Sources of information on woodwind multiphonics: An annotated bibliography. Perspectives of New Music, 26(1), 246-256.

Bledsoe, H. (n.d.). Helen Bledsoe, Flutist. Retrieved April 16, 2008, from

Borkowski, J. (2010, December). Integrating extended techniques into all levels of repertoire. Flute Talk, 8-10.

Borkowski, J. (2011). Fit to play: The fitness effect on physically challenging flute repertoire. Medical Problems of Performing Artists, 26(1), 63-64.

Borkowski, J. A. (2008). From simple to complex: Extended techniques in flute literature; Incentive to integrate cognitive and kinesthetic awareness in university programs (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Universität für Musik und darstellende Kunst, Graz.

Botros, A. (n.d.). The virtual flute - Flute fingerings, alternate fingerings and multiphonic fingerings. Retrieved June 27, 2013, from

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