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Africa in 21st Century US and EU Agendas

A Comparative Analysis

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Lola Raich

This book investigates issues pertaining to the US and EU agendas in Africa since the dawn of the new century. It discusses how the African continent has featured within the US and EU foreign policy agendas, by looking at ensuing gaps between a rhetoric that claimed to have put Africa within the high politics agenda and the reality. The case studies analyse the reasons for the very different acknowledgements of USAFRICOM and JAES P&S, even though both policies state to aim the same: support Africa in tackling its own security concerns. The book concludes with a deliberation on which of the two outlooks seems to offer an appropriate approach to the context and which offers pragmatic solutions.
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EU Within The 21st Century International Arena

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‘indeed we are a global actor. With 25 member states, with over 450 million inhabitants, a quarter of the world’s GNP, and around 40% of the world merchandise exports; and with the comprehensive array of instruments – economic, legal, diplomatic, military – at our disposal, that claim is not an aspiration but a statement of fact’ (Solana 2005)

‘The European Union is a global actor, ready to share in the responsibility for global security’ (European Council, 2010 Headline Goals, 17/18 June 2004)

By looking at the institutional structures governing EU’s foreign actions, it becomes immediately clear that they are dissimilar from their nation-state counterparts. The very fact that the Union, within the international arena, is seen as an actor, a process and a project, all simultaneously, makes it behave differently as compared to the traditional actors in world politics. On the one side we have the EU Commission which acts as the implementing organ and which also shares, in definite issues, the right of initiative with the MS. On the other side, we have the Council, the institution where the strategic and forward-looking elements of the EU’s foreign policy are decided. The policy-making process is characterised by intergovernmental bargaining. It is here where the definition of the principles, general guidelines and common strategies to be implemented by the EU, is made. The standard voting method is through qualified majority (55% of MS representing 65% of EU population). Some decisions are taken under the simple majority voting...

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