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Categorization in Discourse and Grammar

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Edited By Małgorzata Fabiszak, Karolina Krawczak and Katarzyna Rokoszewska

This collection of papers addresses new trends in Cognitive Linguistics. Three parts of the book focus on Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Integration Network Analysis. Both the theoretical contributions and the empirical case studies stress the importance of contextual factors in the meaning making processes. They employ qualitative methods to analyze the use of metaphor in political discourse and in the conceptualization of emotions. The data sets include multimodal data, sign languages and co-speech gestures. The fourth part of the book contains two corpus-based studies. The fifth part concentrates on the grammatical categories of passive voice and aspect. One contribution discusses the problem of categorization in phonology.
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Perceptual Structures and Grammatical Constructions on the Basis of Aspectual Opposition in French

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The present article discusses the problem of perception structures, which determine the choice of tenses in French. French is one of those languages in which the aspect is expressed in the form of the tense. The relation between tense and aspect with regard to perception is discussed here in the context of Cognitive Linguistics. The aim of the article is to address the following hypotheses: 1) Perception influences conceptualization and the construction of an utterance, that is, the choice of its grammatical and lexical elements. 2) Perception, as a universal phenomenon, depends upon the culture and linguistic tradition of the users of a given language. 3) The functioning of grammatical categories, as for example French verb tenses, is the effect of conceptualization.

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