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Categorization in Discourse and Grammar


Edited By Małgorzata Fabiszak, Karolina Krawczak and Katarzyna Rokoszewska

This collection of papers addresses new trends in Cognitive Linguistics. Three parts of the book focus on Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Integration Network Analysis. Both the theoretical contributions and the empirical case studies stress the importance of contextual factors in the meaning making processes. They employ qualitative methods to analyze the use of metaphor in political discourse and in the conceptualization of emotions. The data sets include multimodal data, sign languages and co-speech gestures. The fourth part of the book contains two corpus-based studies. The fifth part concentrates on the grammatical categories of passive voice and aspect. One contribution discusses the problem of categorization in phonology.
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Perceptual Structures and Grammatical Constructions on the Basis of Aspectual Opposition in French


The present article discusses the problem of perception structures, which determine the choice of tenses in French. French is one of those languages in which the aspect is expressed in the form of the tense. The relation between tense and aspect with regard to perception is discussed here in the context of Cognitive Linguistics. The aim of the article is to address the following hypotheses: 1) Perception influences conceptualization and the construction of an utterance, that is, the choice of its grammatical and lexical elements. 2) Perception, as a universal phenomenon, depends upon the culture and linguistic tradition of the users of a given language. 3) The functioning of grammatical categories, as for example French verb tenses, is the effect of conceptualization.

1.  Introduction

One of the principal assumptions in Cognitive Linguistics concerns the relation between the way in which we experience the world and the way in which we speak about it. That is, at the basis of conceptualization lies perception, and language is one of the resources that contribute to the processing of data, which is evident in the choice of grammatical constructions and the selection of lexical items from the language in which communication is taking place.

In Indo-European languages, sentence structure is based upon the verb, inasmuch as its semantic and syntactic properties determine the type and the saturation of argument positions being argued, and its morphology conveys information about the tense and aspect of the situation as...

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