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Categorization in Discourse and Grammar


Edited By Małgorzata Fabiszak, Karolina Krawczak and Katarzyna Rokoszewska

This collection of papers addresses new trends in Cognitive Linguistics. Three parts of the book focus on Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Integration Network Analysis. Both the theoretical contributions and the empirical case studies stress the importance of contextual factors in the meaning making processes. They employ qualitative methods to analyze the use of metaphor in political discourse and in the conceptualization of emotions. The data sets include multimodal data, sign languages and co-speech gestures. The fourth part of the book contains two corpus-based studies. The fifth part concentrates on the grammatical categories of passive voice and aspect. One contribution discusses the problem of categorization in phonology.
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Towards More Radical Solutions for Categorization Problem in Phonology A Cognitive Grammar Perspective


In the present paper, I make an attempt to consolidate two perspectives on the categorization of phonological units: one linguistic, the other neurophysiological. My goal here is to propose a more adequate description and better understanding of the cognitive / neurophysiological basis for speech production as well as the nature of phonology / phonetics interface1. Simultaneously, the analysis should shed some light on the degree of adequacy of the analytic tools available in Cognitive Grammar with respect to the problems with categorization of phonological segments, phonemes, allophones, and category overlaps.

1.  Introduction

Among the problems with phonological analysis that remain unresolved is the issue of category overlap, illustrated by Mompean-Gonzalez’s (2004: 445) discussion on the simultaneous category membership of two allophones: /ɾ/ and /ɾ̥/ in two phonemic categories: /t/ and /d/. A question that is particularly tantalizing in this context is: How are the hearers able to identify the intended meaning in cases such as writing/riding, biddy/bitty? The answer will be sought within Wickelgren’s (1969) proposal on context-sensitive allophones and the analytic potential of Langacker’s (1987) Cognitive Grammar.

The paper consists of three parts: (i) a brief discussion on the fundamental assumptions of Cognitive Grammar that are directly relevant for the present analysis (the symbolic nature of language, the phonological structure as conceptual structure, the notion of profile/base alignment); (ii) an introduction of Wickelgren’s (1969) proposal concerning serial order in noncreative behavior; (iii) an attempt to blend Wickelgren’s “context sensitive...

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