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Categorization in Discourse and Grammar

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Edited By Małgorzata Fabiszak, Karolina Krawczak and Katarzyna Rokoszewska

This collection of papers addresses new trends in Cognitive Linguistics. Three parts of the book focus on Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Integration Network Analysis. Both the theoretical contributions and the empirical case studies stress the importance of contextual factors in the meaning making processes. They employ qualitative methods to analyze the use of metaphor in political discourse and in the conceptualization of emotions. The data sets include multimodal data, sign languages and co-speech gestures. The fourth part of the book contains two corpus-based studies. The fifth part concentrates on the grammatical categories of passive voice and aspect. One contribution discusses the problem of categorization in phonology.
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Worldview, Metaphor, and Politics. The Translator’s Perspective

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This study is concerned with metaphors in political debate and their translation. The analysis is a pilot study that examines selected metaphorical expressions from a short speech by a Polish MEP during an EU Parliament debate and their translations into English. The theoretical framework for the analysis is the model of worldview as proposed by Underhill (2009), related to but not replicating that proposed by Bartmiński (2009). According to Underhill, the way we think and talk about the world, i.e. the way we “conceptualise the world and try to make sense of it” in our own language, reveals our worldview. Using another language implies being able to think and understand reality within the framework offered by that language, which reveals a different worldview. The translation process can thus be understood as crossing over from one worldview to another. Assuming after Underhill (2011) that metaphor plays a key role in shaping the linguistic worldview, an analysis of metaphor translation has a dual orientation: it will hopefully disclose facts concerning the notion of worldview, as well as those relating to the mechanism of translation of metaphors. In particular, it might be interesting to see whether the Polish worldview has left visible marks in the English target text. The analysis also aims to verify Underhill’s model as a research tool and possibly to contribute to its further development.

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