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Slavic Languages in the Perspective of Formal Grammar

Proceedings of FDSL 10.5, Brno 2014


Edited By Markéta Ziková, Pavel Caha and Mojmír Dočekal

The volume comprises papers that were presented at the 14th European conference on «Formal Description of Slavic Languages 10.5» at Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic. The conference focuses on formal approaches to Slavic phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. The present contributions describe interesting data patterns found in Slavic languages and analyze them from the perspective of formal grammar, including generative syntax, Distributed Morphology, formal semantics and others.
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The Underlying Representation of the Russian Suffix -ɨva



Abstract In this paper, I show that the Russian secondary imperfective suffix -ɨva is a realization of the other imperfectivizing suffix -(v)a in a specific morphological context. I base this analysis on both the ɔ/a alternation involved in -ɨva type verbs and the morphological deletion of the -(v)a suffix before -ɨva. First, I show that the ɔ/a alternation involved by -ɨva is a non-local phenomenon because it applies over a phase head. Secondly, I argue that -(v)a is not morphologically but phonologically deleted by -ɨva. Finally, I argue that the presence of an underlying -(v)a suffix in verbs ending with -ɨva solves the locality issue of the ɔ/a alternation: -ɨva deletes the -(v)a suffix, which in turn triggers a mutation of the root. This analysis also reveals a complementary distribution between -(v)a and -ɨva: -ɨva always occurs after -(v)a, whereas -(v)a never occurs after another -(v)a. I argue that -ɨva is represented underlyingly by two successive imperfectivizing suffixes -(v)a + -(v)a.

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