The 10th Anniversary FDSL Conference, Leipzig 2013
Edited By Gerhild Zybatow, Petr Biskup, Marcel Guhl, Claudia Hurtig, Olav Mueller-Reichau and Maria Yastrebova
The polysemy of nominals based on telic verbs in Polish
← 62 | 63 →Maria Bloch-Trojnar
The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin
The aim of this paper is to investigate the polysemy of action nominalisations based on accomplishment and achievement verbs in Polish and to cast some light on the interaction of regular and lexicalised senses.
According to Vendler (1967) two situation types can be classified as telic, i.e. denoting situations which have a natural endpoint or culmination:1 accomplishment verbs (e.g. build a house, eat an apple, paint a picture), which are durative, and achievement verbs (e.g. arrive, break a window, discover), which are punctual. Achievement predicates are intrinsically telic due to their lexico-semantic properties, whereas accomplishment verbs are potentially culminated, i.e. their telic or atelic interpretation is context-dependent (e.g. John built the house in a year. vs. John built houses for years.).2 Since the telic and atelic readings have no overt morphological expression, the aspectual indeterminacy of the roots in question is expected to result in the semantic ambiguity of derivatives arising in the process of verb to noun transposition.
The situation in Polish is more complicated in that accomplishment and achievement verbs based on the same root form morphologically related aspectual pairs, which give rise to multiple derivatives, e.g. the English verb build depending on the syntactic context will be translated into Polish by means of either budować ‘be building’ or zbudować ‘to have built’. The related nominal transpositions include: two verbal nominals budowanie, zbudowanie and one deverbal...
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