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Slavic Grammar from a Formal Perspective

The 10th Anniversary FDSL Conference, Leipzig 2013


Edited By Gerhild Zybatow, Petr Biskup, Marcel Guhl, Claudia Hurtig, Olav Mueller-Reichau and Maria Yastrebova

The proceedings of the 10 th European Conference on Formal Description of Slavic Languages in Leipzig 2013 offer current formal investigations into Slavic morphology, phonology, semantics, syntax and information structure. In addition to papers of the main conference, the volume presents those of two special workshops: «Formal Perspectives and Diachronic Change in Slavic Languages» and «Various Aspects of Heritage Language». The following languages are addressed: Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian (BCS), Bulgarian, Czech, Macedonian, Old Church Slavonic, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Resian, Slovak and Slovene.
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Structure-dependent causatives in Polish


← 286 | 287 →Anna Malicka-Kleparska

The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin

This paper will aim to discover the structure of morphologically complex causatives. Their presence in Polish, as well as in other Slavic languages, is downplayed due to the largely lexicalist background of existing analyses (see e.g. Haspelmath 1993, Nichols 1993, Letuchiy 2012, cf. however Kosta 2011).1 Said causatives rarely possess plausible verbal bases, while the formal and semantic relationships between causatives and unaccusatives in various languages suggest that verbs are the first choice as stepping stones to construct causatives. Although Polish synthetic causatives frequently match adjectives or nouns, an analysis along lexicalist lines would require proposing at least three distinct rules to form de-verbal, de-adjectival and de-nominal causatives with identical semantic and distributional properties. Clearly, some generalization would be lost there. In this text we will propose an analysis which relies on the mechanisms and concepts available in a branch of Distributed Morphology, namely the root-based approach (Marantz 1984, Hale & Keyser 1993, Kratzer 1996, Arad 2005, Pylkkänen 2008, Alexiadou and Anagnostopoulou 2004, Embick 2004, 2009, Alexiadou 2010, Alexiadou and Doron 2012, Lomashvili 2011, Doron and Labelle 2011). We will ← 287 | 288 →demonstrate that this model permits a reflection of the interdependences that cannot be explained within the competing lexicalist model.

The class of causatives will be researched against the background of Polish anticausative verbs, since this juxtaposition sheds light on the proposed causative structure. The evidence concerning the distribution;...

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