The 10th Anniversary FDSL Conference, Leipzig 2013
Edited By Gerhild Zybatow, Petr Biskup, Marcel Guhl, Claudia Hurtig, Olav Mueller-Reichau and Maria Yastrebova
Severing imperfectivity from the verb
← 464 | 465 →Sergei Tatevosov
Lomonosov Moscow State University
It has been a celebrated tradition to identify the contribution of verbal derivational morphology in Russian in terms of viewpoint aspect. As Karcevski (1927/2004) indicates, “being added to a simplex verb, a prefix changes the verb’s semantic value as well as its transitivity and aspectual value [emphasis added]” (Karcevski 2004: 125). Prefixes perfectivize, in other words. Conversely, “suffixes, except for -nut’ and anut’… are imperfective… Secondary suffixes form secondary imperfectives” (Karcevski 2004: 125). According to this traditional view, the prefix pro- and the secondary imperfective suffix -yva in (1) are phonological exponents of semantic aspects, perfective and imperfective, respectively.
čita-t’ pro-čita-t’ pro-čit-yva-t’
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