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Philosophy as Critique of the Mind

The Doctrinal Evolution of Critical Theory

Stanisław Czerniak and Rafał Michalski

The authors trace the essential aspects of the evolution of critical theory from its classics Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno to its leading second- and third generation propagators Jürgen Habermas and Axel Honneth. They defend the thesis about the «meandering», dialectical character of this evolution. In their polemic with Habermas, both Honneth and Gernot Böhme (who is close to critical theory) refer to the classics, and specially their mimesis concept. The author of the first part of this book argues in favour of this interpretative approach. The author of the second part adds a confrontation between critical theory, Michel Foucault’s philosophy of power and Arnold Gehlen’s philosophical anthropology.
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Bibliographic Information published by the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek The Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data is available in the internet at

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Names: Czerniak, Stanisław, author. | Michalski, Rafał, author. Title: Philosophy as critique of the mind : the doctrinal evolution of critical theory / Stanisław Czerniak, Rafał Michalski. Description: 1 [edition]. | New York : Peter Lang, 2015. Identifiers: LCCN 2015042906 | ISBN 9783631661710 Subjects: LCSH: Critical theory. Classification: LCC HM480 .C94 2015 | DDC 301.01–dc23 LC record available at

Translation co-financed by the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the Polish Academy of Sciences and by the Institute of Philosophy at Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. Cover illustration courtesy of Benjamin Ben Chaim.

ISBN 978-3-631-66171-0 (Print) E-ISBN 978-3-653-05806-2 (E-Book) DOI 10.3726/978-3-653-05806-2 © Peter Lang GmbH Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften Frankfurt am Main 2015 All rights reserved. Peter Lang Edition is an Imprint of Peter Lang GmbH.

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