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Re-Inventing Traditions

On the Transmission of Artistic Patterns in Late Medieval Manuscript Illumination


Edited By Joris Corin Heyder and Christine Seidel

The volume comprises 16 papers given at the conference Re-Inventing Traditions held in Berlin in 2012. It negotiates the question of the transmission of artistic patterns in late medieval manuscript illumination. The model as such is often regarded as a mere working tool but recently the conditions of its creation and transformation have been discovered as a field of research. Among the central themes of these essays are textual tradition, workshop methods and the development and changeability of artistic models throughout different media and in various European regions.
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La transmission de l’iconographie des vertus dans les manuscrits italiens du 14e siècle: la réinvention de la Somme le roi: Bertrand Cosnet


Bertrand Cosnet

La transmission de l’iconographie des vertus dans les manuscrits italiens du 14e siècle: la réinvention de la Somme le roi 1


The following paper shows how the Somme le Roy iconographic program, initially composed in 1279–1280 by Laurent d’Orléans for the King of France Philip III and illuminated by the Master Honoré in 1294–1295, was transformed in Italy to fit the context of the merchant bourgeoisie, especially in the design of the personifications of virtues and vices. This process is explained thanks to the analysis of three manuscripts made in Florence during the 14th century including a complete Tuscan translation of the French Somme le Roy with its illuminated program: the ms. Rediano 102 of the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana from the 1330–1340s, the ms. Magliabechiano II. VI. 16 of the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale of Florence made in the 1340s and the ms. Barberino Latino 3984 of the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana from the 1380s.


Le manuel d’enseignement moral intitulé la Somme le roi constitue un cas remarquable pour étudier la question de la transmission des traditions artistiques par l’intermédiaire des manuscrits entre la France et l’Italie à la fin du Moyen Âge. Ce traité, composé en 1279 par le dominicain frère Laurent d’Orléans, connaît un succès considérable aux 14e et 15e siècles, une centaine de copies françaises complètes ou fragmentaires datant de cette époque...

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