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Privatisation of Planning Powers and Urban Infrastructure- Privatisierung von Planung und städtischen Infrastrukturen

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Edited By Stephan Mitschang

This book grew out of the sixth annual meeting of the Platform of Experts in Planning Law held in Lisbon in October 2012. The book’s chapters illustrate the evolution of this unique comparative land use planning and regulation forum. They allow a broader audience to benefit from the insights gained from the national case studies presented at the Lisbon meeting on the issue of Privatisation of Planning Powers and Urban Infrastructure.
Diese Veröffentlichung entstand aus dem sechsten Expertentreffen für Planungsrecht, das im Oktober 2012 in Lissabon stattfand. Die einzelnen Kapitel illustrieren die nationale Entwicklung im Planungsrecht und stellen einen einmaligen Vergleich des Planungsrechts vor dem Hintergrund der Privatisierungstendenzen im Bereich der Stadtplanung und städtischer Infrastrukturen in den verschiedenen Teilnehmerländern dar.
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2. Germany

Extract

Stephan Mitschang and Tim Schwarz

2.  Germany

Introduction

Urban planning is a sovereign function of municipalities in Germany. This is subsumed under the concept of local planning autonomy. However this does not exclude participation of private third party. As in other areas greater private participation in the performance of public duties1 is observed in the field of urban planning in recent years. The reasons therefore are manifold. For example, the often limited financial and human resources of local governments lead to outsourcing certain procedural steps in the preparation of a land-use plan. Furthermore there are also private initiatives that are supported partually by public funding. Moreover there are now different rules on participation and cooperation between public and private sectors. Within the field of urban planning most regulations can be found in the Federal Building Code (BauGB)2.

Since the early 1970s urban renewal, including urban redevelopment measures, has been regulated legally. Within these procedures cooperation between the community on the one hand and the stakeholders, especially the owners, tenants and leaseholders, on the other hand shall be achieved. The stakeholders should be stimulated to participate. Often the success of a redevelopment is even largely dependent on the commitment of the private participants. Commonly urban redevelopment measures are not realizable without private initiatives.3

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