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Empirical Methods in Language Studies


Edited By Krzysztof Kosecki and Janusz Badio

«Empirical Methods in Language Studies» presents 22 papers employing a broad range of empirical methods in the analysis of various aspects of language and communication. The individual texts offer contributions to the description of conceptual strategies, syntax, semantics, non-verbal communication, language learning, discourse, and literature.
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Meaning change of gradual verbs denoting colour in English


Abstract: The article deals with meaning change of gradual verbs denoting colour – that is the forming of gradual seme in the semantics of the English verbs. Gradation is considered to be an important element of measure and degree. The aim of the article is confirm that gradation is a linguistic category, and to distinguish the nature and the results of the meaning of change as far as gradual verbs of colour in English is concerned. The changes of gradual meaning are realised by means of nuclear, differential, potential semes and a transfer (metaphorical change). Along with this broadening and narrowing, amelioration and pejoration of gradual meaning in the semantics of colour verbs are semantic changes have been determined.

Keywords: gradual verbs, gradation, meaning change, broadening, narrowing, pejoration, amelioration.

1. Gradation as linguistic category

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