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Economy in Romania and the Need for Optimization of Agricultural Production Structures

Jean Vasile Andrei and Gheorghe H. Popescu

Agriculture represents a basic economic sector for Romanian economy with major implication on a large part of inland population. The accession to the EU has imposed major changes to the Romanian agricultural sector to achieve better outcomes and to adapt to the new economic performance criteria. The book represents a pertinent analysis regarding the evolution of the Romanian agricultural sector and emphasis the need for optimization of the agricultural production structures. Valuing the inland agricultural potential involves designing well competitive production structures which should better combining all the productions factors existing in the rural areas and communities. The book contains five alternatives in designing the agricultural production structures.
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Chapter II Literature Review and Model Settings Research

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2.1 General remarks

Linear programming is a mathematical method used to achieve production programs, identifying the best result in the context of a system of restrictions identified and undertaken. As a particular expression of mathematical programming through it the objective function is optimized (either maximize or minimize it), under a system of linear equality or inequality restrictions.

Recent studies such as those conducted by Ion and Turek (2012) have used linear programming method to determine the optimal structure of culture by maximizing agricultural profits and declining the expenditure per hectare for farms in the Southeast Region of Development of Romania.

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