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Child of Many Worlds: Focus on the Problem of Ethnic Minorities

Edited By Hanna Liberska and Marzanna Farnicka

The sense of isolation and even rejection is well known to people from minority groups, including ethnic minorities. When it comes to children from ethnic minorities, the quick identification of the problem by teachers is of great importance. Anyway the problem must be realised not only by the educators and parents of the children of the minority, but also by the parents representing the cultural majority. The presented approach to the problem of ethnic minorities is not only oriented towards the social exclusion of the ethnic minorities, but tries to create a comprehensive strategy for dealing with «new faces of exclusion». The authors describe ethnic minorities in the countries of the Visegrád Group and try to define their cultural and national identity from the perspective of intercultural psychology.
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Children’s Sense of Safety under Different Forms of Care at School and Where They Live

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Many turbulent changes have taken place in the world in the last few decades, affecting nearly all areas of human functioning. This has left children in a peculiar situation as regards their immediate and more distant futures, and is also of concern for their parents, guardians, tutors, educators, teachers and other adults who come into contact with them. One of the fundamental issues in this changing world is the maintenance of relative personal and social security, an issue which is especially important for children’s development. Hence, the problem examined in this article is both important and salient. The subjective aspect of security is discussed in detail because of its importance in the early stages of ontogenetic development.

The problem is not a new one as is widely reflected in the literature on the subject. For this reason, this article will describe two main aspects of the issue: on the one hand, we will look at the multifaceted security of children under different types of care during their lives and present results of selected research, and on the other, we will look at how children’s security largely depends on the security of the adults taking care of them (parents, guardians, tutors, educators, teachers taking care of children in many different types of institutions), an issue which is rarely dealt with. The ecosystem approach is certainly significant in analysing this issue. Starting with the assumption that the unsatisfied safety needs of adults and their associated anxieties, depressions and...

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