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Child of Many Worlds: Focus on the Problem of Ethnic Minorities

Edited By Hanna Liberska and Marzanna Farnicka

The sense of isolation and even rejection is well known to people from minority groups, including ethnic minorities. When it comes to children from ethnic minorities, the quick identification of the problem by teachers is of great importance. Anyway the problem must be realised not only by the educators and parents of the children of the minority, but also by the parents representing the cultural majority. The presented approach to the problem of ethnic minorities is not only oriented towards the social exclusion of the ethnic minorities, but tries to create a comprehensive strategy for dealing with «new faces of exclusion». The authors describe ethnic minorities in the countries of the Visegrád Group and try to define their cultural and national identity from the perspective of intercultural psychology.
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Art Therapy as a Method of Working with Children under the Threat of Exclusion


Multiculturalism, interculturalism and transculturalism constitute elements of contemporary social life. The recognition of minorities’ rights to express their identity and an upbringing fostering the acceptance of diversity are the basis of harmonious social functioning and coexistence. According to Jerzy Nikitorowicz (2000, p. 328), intercultural education is a process of dialogue that protects against the negative affects of globalisation and homogenisation; it sparks cognitive curiosity and openness towards other cultures. Intercultural communication means crossing the borders of our own culture and entering cultural junctions to foster internal development and inspire one another. Many psychologists and pedagogues emphasise the importance of preparing individuals for life in the difficult, contemporary world. However, there still remains the problem of how to develop the ability to manage in life in today’s constantly changing reality where the ability to adjust to rapid changes in the surrounding world is of paramount importance. Maria Szyszkowska (1999, p. 56) claims that when faced with intellectual difficulties, we can easily find help in libraries, encyclopaedias, etc. However, proper internal development and the development of individuality are often left to chance. Psychological and pedagogical experience demonstrate that channeling children’s and adolescents’ activities, encouraging interests, creating possibilities for creative endeavours, developing habits of spending quality time and integration can serve as protection against social threats.

Art therapy

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