Ukraine’s complex transition
Edited By Klaus Bachmann and Igor Lyubashenko
The role of NATO and the EU in the Ukrainian Crisis
The disintegration of the Soviet Union, together with the Ukrainian independence of 1991 led to the emergence of a new, independent state, on the debris of the former USSR. Ukraine’s almost quarter of a century of statehood is characterised by having a strong internal dynamic, and numerous turning points that shaped the political evolution of this country.1
Two of the most important partners that actively co-operate with Ukraine are the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). The interaction with these two organisations is the subject of this chapter. For the sake of consistency, the chapter will first focus on Ukraine’s relations with NATO. The second part will touch upon the relations with the EU.
NATO’s new/old role
The Ukrainian crisis that started in November 2013 and its further escalation constitute a new milestone moment in the history of the North-Atlantic Alliance. Since the end of the Cold War, NATO faced all the challenges of the transforming nature of international relations. The organisation went through a metamorphosis from defense related to the Cold War to a global engagement. It tried to establish a close co-operative relationship with the Russian Federation and simultaneously enlarged its member states, accepting the newly independent countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It had also to adjust its security doctrines to the new types of threats, and to reconsider its operational capabilities in order to meet the security challenges of the post-bipolar world. The...
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