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The Maidan Uprising, Separatism and Foreign Intervention

Ukraine’s complex transition


Edited By Klaus Bachmann and Igor Lyubashenko

The current crisis in Ukraine has revealed a striking lack of background knowledge about Ukraine’s history and politics among West European politicians, journalists, intellectuals and even many academics. In this book, experts from Poland, Ukraine, the US, Russia and Western Europe fill the gap between an omnipresent and easily available narrative about Russia and a scarce, scattered knowledge about Ukraine. They show what history and political science can offer for a better understanding of the crisis and provide insights, which are based on reliable Ukrainian, Russian, Polish and Turkish sources and confidential interviews with key actors and advisors. Rather than offering easy answers, the authors present facts and knowledge, which enables the reader to make up his own informed opinion.
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The role of NATO and the EU in the Ukrainian Crisis


The disintegration of the Soviet Union, together with the Ukrainian independence of 1991 led to the emergence of a new, independent state, on the debris of the former USSR. Ukraine’s almost quarter of a century of statehood is characterised by having a strong internal dynamic, and numerous turning points that shaped the political evolution of this country.1

Two of the most important partners that actively co-operate with Ukraine are the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). The interaction with these two organisations is the subject of this chapter. For the sake of consistency, the chapter will first focus on Ukraine’s relations with NATO. The second part will touch upon the relations with the EU.

NATO’s new/old role

The Ukrainian crisis that started in November 2013 and its further escalation constitute a new milestone moment in the history of the North-Atlantic Alliance. Since the end of the Cold War, NATO faced all the challenges of the transforming nature of international relations. The organisation went through a metamorphosis from defense related to the Cold War to a global engagement. It tried to establish a close co-operative relationship with the Russian Federation and simultaneously enlarged its member states, accepting the newly independent countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It had also to adjust its security doctrines to the new types of threats, and to reconsider its operational capabilities in order to meet the security challenges of the post-bipolar world. The...

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