Bildungswissenschaften und akademisches Selbstverständnis in einer globalisierten Welt- Education and Academic Self-Concept in the Globalized World
Edited By Gerd-Bodo von Carlsburg and Thomas Vogel
This volume presents a series of contributions from the XIX. International Scientific Conference on The Reform of Education and Teacher’s Training on the topic Educational Sciences in Search of Global Identity which was conceived and organized by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania, Lithuanian University of Educational Sciences and Heidelberg University of Education (Germany). Main topics of the conference were educational quality standards of Higher and Secondary Education. This kind of quality management relies on the acquisition of interactive competence in socialization and the educational sector. The development of these basic skills is prerequisite for achieving an identity in order to meet the challenges of our society in the coming decade.
The Controversy of National Education:Towards Depth or Shallowness?
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The paper presents the essence and development of national identity in Lithuania. It emphasizes the fact that national education permeates all the spheres of education and fundamentally relates them with humanity; highlights the problems of national education in the context of globalization when the relationships between man and nation are changing, the opposition between the global market and the global society is deepening, the social stratification is growing and the national education is transforming. The paper reviews the national experiences of adolescents which demonstrate the movement of national education towards shallowness.
Keywords: national individuality, national education, problems of national education in the globalization context, adolescents’ national experiences
In the development of humanity nation occupies a special position since it developed, according to Maceina (1990), on the basis of origin (race), residential environment, historic heritage to answer people’s essential needs which, just like the inborn emotions that are re-shaped in the process of education, are responsible for the energization and direction of sensations and behavior (Herber & Vásárhelyi, 2003). As it is widely known, Maslow’s pyramid of needs (physiological, safety, belonging and love, self-esteem and self-actualization) composes a hierarchic structure. It is important that at least a partial satisfaction of the lower needs enables the realization of higher levels needs. The residential environment and historical heritage have also had its influence...