Edited By Nekane Celayeta Gil, Felipe Jiménez Berrio and Alberto de Lucas Vicente
Las begadkefat en los dialectos oriental y occidental del arameo medio-tardío: a propósito de/p/y/f/
Abstract: The aim of this written communication is to keep delving into the Middle-late Eastern Aramaic, commonly known as Syriac, language which was developed between the III and the VIII centuries A.D. and which was spread from the Anatolia peninsula to the Indo river. Specially, we examine the differences between the two dialects in which this language is divided: the Eastern and the Western one. In the work I presented in the XXVI AJL Conference (Seville, November 2012) I already studied the issue of the typically Semitic phonetic phenomenon known as begadkefat, which consists in the doble occlusive-fricative pronunciation that the b, g, d, k, p, t consonants have in the core of the Middle-late Aramaic. Therefore, we now dig into the analysis of these consonants pronunciation divergences, in particular in those of p and f, in the language’s Eastern and Western dialects. We also study the diverse reading signs use which show how these sounds should be pronounced in each case. In order to carry out this research, we have revised and examined several Middle-late Aramaic grammars, the most traditional and representative as well as the most up-to-date ones, which gather the phonetic differences between both dialects. Furthermore, we have looked up diverse sources which provide pronunciation examples. The main conclusion reached by authors and scholars is based on the fact that the Eastern dialect always uses the p while the Western one favors the f, as we prove throughout the different samples.