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On the History of Rock Music

Yvetta Kajanová

On the History of Rock Music follows the development of rock music from its origins up to the present time. It focuses on the relationship between the sound, improvisations and rhythms in particular styles, and gives specific attention to the development of rhythm. The beat-offbeat principle, polyrhythms and polymetrics are fundamental to rock rhythm patterns, which serve as archetypes for specific rhythms. An archetype is a prototype, a model, or an innate experience of a species. Using more than 250 score examples, the author identifies the characteristic rhythmic patterns in rock styles, ranging from rock and roll, hard rock and punk rock to alternative rock, indie rock and grind core.
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Electronic Rock

← 70 | 71 → Electronic Rock

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refers to a rock genre in the 1970s and 1980s. Other terms given to this genre are electronic music, industrial rock, krautrock, synthpop and technopop. The advent of electronic rock originated from jazz, rock and pop music of the mid-1970s and, especially, the early 1980s. At that time, as pop jazz and funk styles arrived, art rock was at the zenith of its development and poly-stylistic rock became more and more prevalent.

Electronic rock followed the art rock characteristics but in many features it was close to the middle-of-the road style, i.e. hit music and, especially, the 1970s disco sound of the Motown Publishing House in the USA. Some compositions are, consequently, at the intersection between electronic music, art rock and the middle-of-the road style.

The main electronic rock musicians and bands include Tangerine Dream, Klaus Schulze, Kraftwerk, Jean Michel Jarre, Jon Anderson, Vangelis Papathanassiou and Depeche Mode (1981). Depeche Mode is, at the same time, associated with the arrival of a pop music genre named electronic dance music (EDM). Electronic rock musicians used synthesizers as the main sound source in the rhythmic section and as substitutes for the bass guitar and the drums. Their pieces typically utilize keyboard instruments, synthesizers and expansive sound, as in space music. Artists discovered the sounds of new electronic musical instruments; for example, Jean Michel Jarre uses a laser harp and laser organ; the band Kraftwerk uses an optical organ39, an electronic flute, two synthesizers and two electronic drum instruments....

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