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Glossae – Scholia – Commentarii

Studies on Commenting Texts in Antiquity and Middle Ages

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Edited By Mieczyslaw Mejor, Katarzyna Jazdzewska and Anna Zajchowska

The role of commentary as a basic method of research used broadly in both Classical Antiquity and the Middle Ages still awaits further analysis. Commentary as a research and didactic method becomes especially interesting in a multicultural perspective: were Buddhist and Arabic texts commented in the same way as it was done by late antique and medieval scholars? The extensive medieval commentary literature still awaits scholarly assessment from the perspective of theory of literature as well as methodology and history of various scientific disciplines.
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Paweł Dziadul: Andrew of Caesarea’s Commentary on the Book of Revelation and Its Role in Medieval Orthodox Slavonic Literature

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Andrew of Caesarea’s Commentary on the Book of Revelation and Its Role in Medieval Orthodox Slavonic Literature

Paweł Dziadul

Institute of Slavonic Philology,Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań

Every culture seems to be a hierarchically organized system composed of “layers”. Texts (in their semiotic meaning) which enjoy the greatest respect are usually situated at the top of that system. The Bible became the most respected text in Christianity, determining the homogeneity and cultural universality of Christian medieval Europe. It was believed that the divine act of creation presented in the Holy Scripture has a continuous character, therefore biblical books, their symbols, ideas, imagery, etc. were constantly actualized and updated in the Middle Ages. In the medieval, universal model of the world, every historical event was thought to be a reflection of “holy events”. That is why human history was considered a planned (and encoded in biblical prophecies) “history of salvation” from the Creation until the Second Coming of Christ. It was necessary to understand its sense by decoding biblical books; Christian exegesis became a universal device for this.

There is no need to discuss the specific background of the process of developing the Christian exegetical tradition in the Christian East (where the Greek philosophical heritage played a crucial role), owing to the specificity of the Orthodox Slavonic theological and ecclesiastic milieu. Despite the fact that the South and East Slavs adopted cultural patterns from Byzantium, knowledge of Greek philosophy was rather minimal; in...

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