Studies on Commenting Texts in Antiquity and Middle Ages
Paweł Dziadul: Andrew of Caesarea’s Commentary on the Book of Revelation and Its Role in Medieval Orthodox Slavonic Literature
Andrew of Caesarea’s Commentary on the Book of Revelation and Its Role in Medieval Orthodox Slavonic Literature
Institute of Slavonic Philology,Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań
Every culture seems to be a hierarchically organized system composed of “layers”. Texts (in their semiotic meaning) which enjoy the greatest respect are usually situated at the top of that system. The Bible became the most respected text in Christianity, determining the homogeneity and cultural universality of Christian medieval Europe. It was believed that the divine act of creation presented in the Holy Scripture has a continuous character, therefore biblical books, their symbols, ideas, imagery, etc. were constantly actualized and updated in the Middle Ages. In the medieval, universal model of the world, every historical event was thought to be a reflection of “holy events”. That is why human history was considered a planned (and encoded in biblical prophecies) “history of salvation” from the Creation until the Second Coming of Christ. It was necessary to understand its sense by decoding biblical books; Christian exegesis became a universal device for this.
There is no need to discuss the specific background of the process of developing the Christian exegetical tradition in the Christian East (where the Greek philosophical heritage played a crucial role), owing to the specificity of the Orthodox Slavonic theological and ecclesiastic milieu. Despite the fact that the South and East Slavs adopted cultural patterns from Byzantium, knowledge of Greek philosophy was rather minimal; in...
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