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Frontiers in ICT

Towards Web 3.0

Edited By Zoran Levnajic

Life without the World Wide Web has become unthinkable, much like life without electricity or water supply. We rely on the web to check public transport schedules, buy a ticket for a concert or exchange photos with friends. However, many everyday tasks cannot be accomplished by the computer itself, since the websites are designed to be read by people, not machines. In addition, the online information is often unstructured and poorly organized, leaving the user with tedious work of searching and filtering. This book takes us to the frontiers of the emerging Web 3.0 or Semantic Web – a new generation of web aimed at bridging this gap and making the web experience accessible and easy. The Semantic Web is a vision of online information that can be readily interpreted and analyzed by machines, adapting it to user’s needs and abilities.
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ebXML in Practice: A Systematic Literature Review

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In this paper, Electronic Business Extensible Markup Language (ebXML) standard and its architecture will be described. ebXML is a global standard for e-business and allows anyone in any place trading with anyone on the Internet. A systematic review of current research on ebXML will be given. At the end, business requirements of ebXML will be described and an answer to a research question will be given: In which countries is ebXML registry implemented outside the laboratory, and is used as such?

Keywords ebXML, interoperability, EDI, systematic review

There are different ways in which companies communicate with each other. Before, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) was used in larger companies for communication. EDI enables communication through predefined signals. Problem with EDI is its complexity and high price. Common EDI functions are (Kantor & Burrows, 1996): Conversion of documents from/to EDI standard format from format specific for applications, Mapping the conversions, Communication, interchange of documents with partners, Generating and following confessions, Application revision and Partner management.

Because of the complexity and price of EDI, ebXML is developed. ebXML is a global standard for e-business and allows anyone in any place trading with anyone on the Internet. EbXML based systems have the following functions (Kotok & Weber, 2001): Conversion of documents to XML standard formats from/to application specific formats, Mapping of those conversions, Communication, interchange of documents with partners, Generating and following confessions, Application revision, Partner management, Configuration of system by defined business processes, Business process management.

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