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Theologie im Spannungsfeld von Kirche und Politik - Theology in Engagement with Church and Politics

Hans Schwarz zum 75. Geburtstag- Hans Schwarz on the Occasion of his 75 th Birthday

Series:

Edited By Matthias Heesch, Thomas Kothmann and Craig L. Nessan

Die 39 Beiträge dieses Sonderbandes beleuchten das Thema Theologie im Spannungsfeld von Kirche und Politik aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven. Neben historischen Aspekten werden sowohl politisch-zeitgeschichtliche Fragen als auch ethische Problemstellungen bedacht. Weitere Aufsätze widmen sich der praktisch-theologischen Reflexion und Konkretion im Rahmen der christlichen Gemeinde, wie auch der Relevanz des Themas in außereuropäischen politisch-kulturellen Kontexten. Der internationale Autorenkreis setzt sich überwiegend aus Kolleginnen und Kollegen, Schülerinnen und Schülern des Regensburger Systematikers Hans Schwarz zusammen. Im Rahmen der Regensburger Summer School 2014 haben sie damit auch das Lebenswerk von Hans Schwarz anlässlich von dessen 75. Geburtstags gewürdigt, in dem das theologisch geleitete Umgehen mit der säkularen Welt eine wichtige Rolle spielt.
The 39 contributions to this special issue develop the theme Theology in Engagement with Church and Politics from a variety of perspectives. Alongside the exploration of historical aspects, both contemporary political questions and ethical dilemmas are examined. Further contributions are devoted to the reflection upon practical theology, Christian congregational praxis, and contextual studies, which demonstrate the political and cultural relevance of this theme beyond Europe. The international circle of authors is constituted largely of colleagues and students of Professor Hans Schwarz, systematic theologian from Regensburg, Germany. In conjunction with the 2014 University of Regensburg Summer School, the authors dedicate this volume to the lifetime achievement of Hans Schwarz on the occasion of his 75 th birthday, in whose work the engagement of theology with the secular world plays a major role.
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Conversion and Humanization: A Theological Appraisal of the Issueof Conversion in the Context of Religious Fundamentalism in India

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Wilson Varkey

Abstract:

Conversion has been a hotly debated issue in India. It has recently escalated due to the emergence of Hindu Nationalism. Dalits and tribals embrace conversion as a means to obtaining better social identity. This paper provides much needed information on conversion in India today.

Conversion is a controversial issue in the present Indian religious and political scenario and particularly after independence this has been a prominent concern. The issue of conversion in India has at least two strands existing in opposition. That is, while Christians stand for the fundamental right of every human being to choose their religion and the freedom to leave the present faith in favor of the other,1 Hindutva forces challenge conversion by accusing Christianity as anti-nationalistic and foreign because of their presumed extra-territorial sympathies and proselytizing spirit.2 In this tension, one should not forget to note that being a secular nation, the Indian Constitution guarantees her citizens the right to profess and propagate their religion. Hence, when Hindutva forces challenge conversion, this fundamental human right and the secular character of the nation is challenged. Furthermore, it reflects the movement of Hindutva forces to forge a homogenized identity in India by keeping the oppressed community at stake. In this context, by taking a sociological perspective on conversion, on the one hand this paper attempts to critique the movement of Hindutva to homogenize the identities of the nation by preventing conversion, and on the other hand it attempts...

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