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Philosophical Heuristics

Translated by Ben Koschalka


Jan Hartman

«Philosophical Heuristics» aims to translate philosophical issues into meta-philosophical issues examined from a unique perspective. The analytical and interpretive practice of heuristics seeks to grasp synchronously all the processes leading to the formation of philosophical discourse, its language, form and content. The book takes hermeneutics and pragmatism as a starting point for a multifaceted and systematic examination of philosophical heuresis and promotes a style of philosophising «in the suspense of heuristic reflection», something more than ordinary theoretical self-awareness.
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6. Structuralist Thinking


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6.  Structuralist Thinking

6.1  The Intellectual Mood

“If we thus define the being of what is at hand (relevance) and even worldliness itself as a referential context, are we not volatizing the ‘substantial being’ of innerworldly beings into a system of relations, and, since relations are always ‘something thought’, are we not dissolving the being of innerworldly beings into ‘pure thought’? […] The referential context that constitutes worldliness as significance can be formally understood in the sense of a system of relations. But we must realize that such formalizations level down the phenomena to the extent that the true phenomenal content gets lost, especially in the case of such ‘simple’ relations as are contained in significance. These ‘relations’ and ‘relata’ of the in-order-to, for-the-sake-of, the with-what of relevance resist any kind of mathematical functionalization in accordance with their phenomenal content. Nor are they something thought, something first posited in ‘thinking’, but rather relations in which heedful circumspection as such already dwells. As constitutive of worldliness, this ‘system of relations’ does not volatize the being of innerworldly beings at all. On the contrary, these beings are discoverable in their ‘substantial’ ‘in itself’ only on the basis of the worldliness of the world. And only when innerworldly beings can be encountered at all does the possibility exist of making what is merely objectively present accessible in the field of these beings. On the basis of their merely objective presence these beings can be determined mathematically...

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