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Thinking and the Sense of Life

A Comparative Study of Young People in Germany and Japan- Educational Consequences

Gerhard Schaefer and Ryoei Yoshioka

Do cognitive/metacognitive abilities favour recognition of sense in life or not? Based on a sample of more than one thousand secondary schools students in Japan and Germany, the correlation between intelligence and perception of sense in life has been empirically examined. The study draws the conclusion that there is no clear correlation between cognition and sense. Finding sense in life seems to be independent from the level of thinking and to be independent as well from particular areas of commitment (e.g. science, technology, art and religion). The main factor discovered so far is a cultural/national one: The majority of Japanese students approve of the idea of sense in life whereas the majority of German students do not. The book discusses the different historical background of the two peer groups as a possible explanation and draws conclusions with respect to education.
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6. Literature

← 118 | 119 →6. Literature


Duden: Etymologie. Herkunftswörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. (Etymology. Dictionary of the origin of the German language).

Dudenverlag, Bibliographisches Institut: Mannheim 1997

Frankl, Viktor E.: Die Sinnfrage in der Psychotherapie. (The question about sense in psychotherapy). Piper: München 1996 (6th edition).

–: Das Leiden am sinnlosen Leben. Psychotherapie für heute. (Suffering from meaningless life. Psychotherapy for today). Herder: Freiburg 2002 (13th edition)

–: Der unbewusste Gott. Psychotherapie und Religion. (The unconscious God. Psychotherapy and religion). Kösel: München 8th ed.1991

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