Zum aktuellen Stand der Linguistik und ihrer Teildisziplinen. Akten des 43. Linguistischen Kolloquiums in Magdeburg 2008 / The Present State of Linguistics and its Sub-Disciplines. Proceedings of the 43rd Linguistics Colloquium, Magdeburg 2008
Edited By Katrin Schöpe, Renate Belentschikow, Angelika Bergien and Armin Burkhardt
This volume contains the revised versions of 63 papers, written in German, English and French. It considers a broad spectrum of topics and findings from various areas of linguistics and thereby offers a critical review of the field. The authors address questions ranging from grammar, semantics, text and discourse pragmatics to issues from the field of applied linguistics. The volume is concluded by studies on contrastive linguistics and foreign language pedagogy.
Syntagmatic Relations in Russian Corpora and Dictionaries
Victor Zakharov/Maria Khokhlova, Sankt Petersburg
1 Introduction: Collocability and Collocations
According to the theory of signs, the language system is based on two main types of relations between language units which correspond to two different spheres of human mental activity. They show up in both, directly observable (speech, text, syntagmatic structures) and not observable (language, paradigmatic structures) language spheres. Syntagmatic relations bind together language units being in direct contact with each other, in actual speech flow or in texts. The detection of syntagmatic relations is often related to the name of Ferdinand de Saussure, but it was long before de Saussure that in Russian linguistics Baudoine de Courtenay mentioned them as relations of “rjadopolozenie” (Nebeneinander) and Nikolay Krushevsky — as relations of “smeznost” (contiguity). Syntagmatic relations are based on linear speech nature and occur on all language levels, though they are mostly studied in the framework of lexicology and syntax.
When constructing a sentence, the choice of words is not only determined by their denotative and significative meanings but rather it depends on the surrounding words which they are grammatically and semantically related to. The combinatory ability of language units, collocability, is one of the linguistic syntagmatic laws. The investigation of collocability is closely connected to the study of syntagmatics as a deeper level of lexical relations. There are different kinds of collocability between lexical units: morphological, syntactical, lexical, stylistical and pragmatical ones.
As Igor Mel’chuk wittily said, people speak in...
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