Zum aktuellen Stand der Linguistik und ihrer Teildisziplinen. Akten des 43. Linguistischen Kolloquiums in Magdeburg 2008 / The Present State of Linguistics and its Sub-Disciplines. Proceedings of the 43rd Linguistics Colloquium, Magdeburg 2008
Edited By Katrin Schöpe, Renate Belentschikow, Angelika Bergien and Armin Burkhardt
This volume contains the revised versions of 63 papers, written in German, English and French. It considers a broad spectrum of topics and findings from various areas of linguistics and thereby offers a critical review of the field. The authors address questions ranging from grammar, semantics, text and discourse pragmatics to issues from the field of applied linguistics. The volume is concluded by studies on contrastive linguistics and foreign language pedagogy.
Entraining Metaphors in the English Resultative Constructions
Natalya Schmidt, Trier
1 Introductory remarks
In the domain of human cognitive representation of causation, two fundamental forms have been identified by A. Michotte (1963), called entraining and launching in accordance with the corresponding basic causal perceptual impressions in caused motion scenes.
Those basic forms of causation of movement give rise to derived causative structures as a result of different cognitive processes (metaphorization, metonymy, conceptual blending, ...), which in natural language can be reflected by different means of expression; cf. Shibatani & Pardeshi (2001).
The term ‘causative continuum’ proposed by M Shibatani is actually an attempt to represent the intermediary category between direct and indirect causation and demonstrate that these different types form a continuous semantic space bounded by direct causation on the one end and indirect causation on the other (Shibatani & Pardeshi 2001: 96).
This point of view is considered to be false in the present approach, as there are two fundamental types of causation: entraining and launching. The task of the theory of causation is to identify and describe those types of causation, and their representation in different languages.
In English, entraining causation can be conveyed syntactically, through the construction traditionally called resultative, standing in metaphorical relation to the basic causative construction of the type
S – Verb (factitive) – O – Locative
She (S) carried (V) the child (O) off/away/to her house (Loc).
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