Zum aktuellen Stand der Linguistik und ihrer Teildisziplinen. Akten des 43. Linguistischen Kolloquiums in Magdeburg 2008 / The Present State of Linguistics and its Sub-Disciplines. Proceedings of the 43rd Linguistics Colloquium, Magdeburg 2008
Edited By Katrin Schöpe, Renate Belentschikow, Angelika Bergien and Armin Burkhardt
This volume contains the revised versions of 63 papers, written in German, English and French. It considers a broad spectrum of topics and findings from various areas of linguistics and thereby offers a critical review of the field. The authors address questions ranging from grammar, semantics, text and discourse pragmatics to issues from the field of applied linguistics. The volume is concluded by studies on contrastive linguistics and foreign language pedagogy.
One World, One English
Anthea Fraser Gupta, Leeds
Kachru’s is a long-established and useful framework for the discussion of English as a world language. In addition, two other ways of imaging the varieties of English have been suggested: the family tree used by Strevens and the concentric circles of Gorlach and McArthur. These images have been less productive than Kachru’s. This paper suggests a productive method for using linguistic criteria to distinguish between varieties of English. The major linguistic division seems to be between contact and continuity varieties of English. The main social division is between global varieties (highly differentiated by text type) and local varieties (highly differentiated by location). The main global variety is Standard English, which has little internal variation linked to region. The way in which we conceptualise the English language relates to the politics of English as a world language.
1 The world of English
For around four hundred years, English has been spoken and written in regions beyond Europe, creating a language distribution that is not over a continuous area. The spread of European languages beyond Europe and the Mediterranean goes back to the expansionist ambitions of the countries along the Atlantic littoral in the sixteenth and seventeenth century. These countries first spread political control to adjacent terrain and took issue with each other. When local spread was curtailed, usually by a powerful neighbour, the only place to spread was west and south - over water.
English was a...
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