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Politics and Slum Upgrading in Kenya

A Case Study on the Influence of Politics on Slum Upgrading in Kibera


George M. Kiyu

Why was the slum upgrading project in Kibera, Kenya, facing resistance? This study uses both qualitative and quantitative methods in data collection to reveal that politics revolving around the interests of local politicians, slum dwellers and business operators as well as external players such as NGOs hamper successful implementation of the slum upgrading project Kenya Slum Upgrading Program in Kibera. The key obstacles include poverty, corruption, tribalism, political interpretation of the project aims, bureaucracy, slum oriented businesses (kadogo economy) as well as NGO activity and youth unemployment.
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← 8 | 9 →Acknowledgements


My utmost gratitude goes to the Freie Universität Berlin for granting me the opportunity to pursue my dream of scaling academic heights.

My dream would have remained just that were it not for the kindness of PD Dr. Salua Nour, who was willing to mentor, nurture and guide me as I navigated the labyrinth of vast masses of information. Her experience and sound knowledge of African politics were invaluable assets to me as I organized my ideas and concretized my theoretical foundation on the topic. Moreover, participating in her seminars was immensely enriching.

My first contact with the Freie Universität was Prof. Dr. Miranda Schreurs. Her kindness and support gave me the impression that I was in the right place. Her guidance and introduction to her seminars is what gave impetus to the crystallization of my proposal for promotion. I also pay tribute to her for identifying a suitable supervisor for my work and accepting to be my second supervisor.

I wish to salute all other people who directly or indirectly’ contributed to the success of this study. I particularly register my appreciation to the university library, Kibera community (including the local leaders and provincial administration), and the Ministry of Housing whose priceless support made the progress of the study a remarkable experience. ← 9 | 10 →

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