Journalistic Culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden
Edited By Gunnar Nygren and Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska
It is an unusually tightly focused volume that sheds much light on the values, roles and working conditions of these journalists in a revealing comparative perspective. It is a model of well-conceptualized and carefully conducted comparative cross-national journalism research.
David H. Weaver, Bloomington, Indiana University, USA
Professionalization, media development, and comparative journalism studies
The concept of ongoing professionalization has been a key area in journalism studies for many years (Zelizer, 2004; Schudson, 2003; Waisbord, 2013). Journalism has been described as gaining influence within the media system, mainly in relation to political power and state. With common standards and professional institutions, journalism has grown stronger in modern society. But is this still the case in an emerging interactive network society? Is the development the same in different media systems – is it possible to still have a process of professionalization in some parts of the world, and the reverse process in other parts of the world; a de-professionalization? Is professionalization the same in different media systems?
This theoretical introduction gives some background to these questions covered in the project “Journalism in Change”. It gives different perspectives from research in four areas:
1.1 The professional logic
Firstly, we need to make a distinction between the two closely related concepts: “professionalism” and “professionalization”. The word professional is often used to describe a skillful person, a person producing something of high quality. Professionalism is something that journalists embrace or pursue as a description of quality in their work (McQuail, 2010:286; Hanitzsch, 2009:416). These skills are something separating a professional from the amateur (the person who loves to do something, but still lacks the education and is doing so for fun).
The process of professionalization is something slightly different. Of course it has...
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