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Journalism in Change

Journalistic Culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden


Edited By Gunnar Nygren and Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska

Media developments change journalism all over the world. But are the changes the same in different media systems? How is professionalization influenced by the constant growth of a network society and social media? How are commercialization and political influences in the media relating to each other? These are some of the issues discussed in this study. It is based on the research project Journalism in Change – professional journalistic cultures in Poland, Russia and Sweden. From 2011 to 2014 researchers from Sweden, Poland and Russia at Södertörn University in Stockholm have been cooperating closely in order to survey a sample of 1500 journalists and 60 in depth interviews with journalists. The results are presented in a comparative design covering different areas.
It is an unusually tightly focused volume that sheds much light on the values, roles and working conditions of these journalists in a revealing comparative perspective. It is a model of well-conceptualized and carefully conducted comparative cross-national journalism research.
David H. Weaver, Bloomington, Indiana University, USA
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Who is today’s journalist ? Mapping selected dimensions for comparative study on journalism


3. Who is a journalist today? Mapping selected dimensions for comparative study on journalism

Michał Głowacki

3.1 Introducing selected dimensions for studies on journalism

Hundreds (or probably even thousands) of different studies, reports and analyses on journalism have been conducted and presented around the world. However, answering the question of “Who is a journalist?” has always been difficult and has become even more complex and fragmented in the digital age, with new media and technologies and network practices. Academic works, legal cases and representatives of the media industry have developed several different approaches either with a reference to professional status, culture, values and beliefs, ideals and practices or by referring to the role of journalists in society (Hanitzsch, 2007, Fengler et al., 2014). In addition some of the most recent discussions have just offered room for the analysis of changing patterns in journalism (Zelizer, 2009), professional identity (Witschge and Nygren, 2009), the role of culture (Deuze, 2007) as well as examples of professionalization (Waisbord, 2013), “de-industrialization of information,” and “de-ritualization of news consumptions” (Broersma and Peters, 2013). The rise of media activism, collaborative media-making, new innovation regimes and convergence culture offer several new approaches. In the times of new notions of media, including media-like services, such as blogs, connective platforms (Facebook, Twitter), wikis, mobile devices and so on, traditional attempts to define journalists continue to be questioned and/or updated.

Defining journalists has never been an easy task. For instance, when Tunstall...

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