Journalistic Culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden
Edited By Gunnar Nygren and Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska
It is an unusually tightly focused volume that sheds much light on the values, roles and working conditions of these journalists in a revealing comparative perspective. It is a model of well-conceptualized and carefully conducted comparative cross-national journalism research.
David H. Weaver, Bloomington, Indiana University, USA
Who is today’s journalist ? Mapping selected dimensions for comparative study on journalism
3. Who is a journalist today? Mapping selected dimensions for comparative study on journalism
3.1 Introducing selected dimensions for studies on journalism
Hundreds (or probably even thousands) of different studies, reports and analyses on journalism have been conducted and presented around the world. However, answering the question of “Who is a journalist?” has always been difficult and has become even more complex and fragmented in the digital age, with new media and technologies and network practices. Academic works, legal cases and representatives of the media industry have developed several different approaches either with a reference to professional status, culture, values and beliefs, ideals and practices or by referring to the role of journalists in society (Hanitzsch, 2007, Fengler et al., 2014). In addition some of the most recent discussions have just offered room for the analysis of changing patterns in journalism (Zelizer, 2009), professional identity (Witschge and Nygren, 2009), the role of culture (Deuze, 2007) as well as examples of professionalization (Waisbord, 2013), “de-industrialization of information,” and “de-ritualization of news consumptions” (Broersma and Peters, 2013). The rise of media activism, collaborative media-making, new innovation regimes and convergence culture offer several new approaches. In the times of new notions of media, including media-like services, such as blogs, connective platforms (Facebook, Twitter), wikis, mobile devices and so on, traditional attempts to define journalists continue to be questioned and/or updated.
Defining journalists has never been an easy task. For instance, when Tunstall...
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