Journalistic Culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden
Edited By Gunnar Nygren and Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska
It is an unusually tightly focused volume that sheds much light on the values, roles and working conditions of these journalists in a revealing comparative perspective. It is a model of well-conceptualized and carefully conducted comparative cross-national journalism research.
David H. Weaver, Bloomington, Indiana University, USA
Changing working conditions
4.1 An organizational approach to journalism studies
Studies of working conditions are vital while researching preconditions for journalism and changes within the profession. Studies of this kind are important as they identify the fundamental daily conditions under which news is produced.
Studying working conditions is part of an organizational approach to journalism. The concept is often related to collective relations as employment conditions, arrangements within a profession that are regulated in a contract between employer and employees or in agreements between unions and companies. On the individual level an organizational approach focuses on:
“(…) mutual expectations between the individual and the organization, ranging from hard facts, such as salary, to softer criteria, such as job satisfaction” (Altmeppen, 2008:53).
Organizational studies of working conditions focus on the number of staff, necessary skills, working-hours, numbers of assignments during a working period (production pace) and job-security. But the concept should also be related to a working culture in a broader sense, including such vital professional conceptions as space for creativity and other aspects of perceived quality in the work place.
This chapter compares five aspects of changes of working conditions as perceived by the individual journalist in the three states:
4.1.1 Changes in size of workforce
Changes in the size of journalistic workplaces in each country give valuable information of whether a profession is expanding or contracting. Usually expanding professions increase...
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