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Multilingualism and Mobility in Europe

Policies and Practices


Edited By Kristine Horner, Ingrid de Saint-Georges and Jean-Jacques Weber

How do individuals experience multilingualism and mobility in the context of Europeanization and globalisation? The contributors explore language-in-education policies and family language policies, as well as the complex interface between multilingualism and space. They provide fresh insights on key issues in sociolinguistics, multilingualism and language policy via discussion of rich qualitative data. The multiple sites analysed in the chapters are located in France, Germany, Luxembourg, Hungary and Moldova. Some of the chapters dealing with France, including one about the overseas French territory of La Réunion, are written in French.
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“Come back next year to be a Luxembourger”: Perspectives on language testing and citizenship legislation “from below”



Since the turn of the 21st century, testing the “national language” has become a widely used policy in many European Union member-states and is the subject of popular, political and academic debates. This chapter focuses on trilingual Luxembourg and in particular the law on Luxembourgish citizenship (nationalité), which was implemented in January 2009, including a test in the Luxembourgish language.

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