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New Insights into Slavic Linguistics


Edited By Jacek Witkos and Sylwester Jaworski

This volume presents a number of contributions to the 2013 Annual Meeting of the Slavic Linguistics Society held in Szczecin, Poland, October 26–28. The largest number of articles address issues related to the (morpho)syntactic level of language structure, and several papers describe results of recent research into different aspects of Slavic linguistics as well. The current volume proves conclusively that Slavic linguists make a remarkable contribution to the development of various theoretical frameworks by analysing linguistic evidence from richly inflected languages, which allows them to test and modify contemporary theories and approaches based on other types of data.
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The Polish and Kashubian Colour Lexicons: Basic and Non-Basic Terms


Danuta Stanulewicz

University of Gdańsk

1. Introduction

The aim of this paper is to investigate Polish and Kashubian colour terms in a broader Slavic perspective. The analyzed data come from elicitation list tasks performed by Polish and Kashubian speakers.

Polish and Kashubian are closely related Slavic languages. Kashubian, spoken in the north of Poland in the Pomorskie Province, was recognized by the Polish Parliament as a regional language in 2005. According to the National Census of 2011, the number of people declaring Kashubian identity amounts to 232,547 (including 215,784 declaring dual Polish-Kashubian identity); however, the group of users of the Kashubian language is smaller: 108,140 employ it at home (Narodowy Spis Powszechny Ludności i Mieszkań 2011). The method of gathering data in the National Census has been criticized, e.g. by Jan Mordawski (2014) who, in another study, obtained higher figures: there are 365,833 people who can speak Kashubian, but 35.8% of them never use it (Mordawski 2005). It should also be added that a vast majority of Kashubian speakers are bilingual.

2. Basic colour terms and the elicitation list task

2.1. Berlin and Kay’s findings

In their illuminating study entitled Basic Color Terms: Their Universality and Evolution (1969), Brent Berlin and Paul Kay presented the results of their analysis of colour lexicons found in 98 languages. This investigation allowed them to formulate the following hypotheses:

– the size of...

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