The Polish and Kashubian Colour Lexicons: Basic and Non-Basic Terms
University of Gdańsk
The aim of this paper is to investigate Polish and Kashubian colour terms in a broader Slavic perspective. The analyzed data come from elicitation list tasks performed by Polish and Kashubian speakers.
Polish and Kashubian are closely related Slavic languages. Kashubian, spoken in the north of Poland in the Pomorskie Province, was recognized by the Polish Parliament as a regional language in 2005. According to the National Census of 2011, the number of people declaring Kashubian identity amounts to 232,547 (including 215,784 declaring dual Polish-Kashubian identity); however, the group of users of the Kashubian language is smaller: 108,140 employ it at home (Narodowy Spis Powszechny Ludności i Mieszkań 2011). The method of gathering data in the National Census has been criticized, e.g. by Jan Mordawski (2014) who, in another study, obtained higher figures: there are 365,833 people who can speak Kashubian, but 35.8% of them never use it (Mordawski 2005). It should also be added that a vast majority of Kashubian speakers are bilingual.
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