A Case Study of Kurdish-German Pre-school Bilingual Children
8. Kurdish-German intrasentential CS: data and analysis
In this section a general description of the collected data is presented. The data is being categorized so as to point out the total amount of intrasentential types of CS. In categorizing intrasentential switches, groups and grammatical categories are also formed within this differentiation. This part of data presentation provides the data that this study is mainly based on. So the following sections will be devoted to discuss and analyse Kurdish-German intrasentential CS; grammatical constraints and the application of the Matrix Language Frame (MLF) Model will be tested on the data.
8.1. What is not accounted as CS
In the transcriptions of the recorded data some other related linguistic phenomena of language contact could be observed that are not regarded as cases of CS. Proper names like names of places such as Donau, names of products such as shampoo, or expressions of concepts that do not exist in Kurdish such as Hausmeister were not regarded as cases of CS.
Some English items, such as talafun (‘telephone’), occur in the data that usually occur in monolingual Kurdish. These words, too, were excluded from the CS data and are not regarded as switched words, since such items are identified as syntactic and morphological parts of the recipient-language fragments in which they are embedded. Such English items have been assimilated into the grammatical system of Kurdish, as illustrated in (45) from the data of this study.
In (45) the...
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