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Poverty and Inequality in Ecuador, Brazil and Mexico after the 2008 Global Crisis


Lukasz Czarnecki, Erik Balleza and Mayra Saenz

How deep is the impact of the 2008 global crisis on Ecuador, Brazil and Mexico? Although having similar experience with the policies of the Washington Consensus, Ecuador, Brazil and Mexico have established different concepts of social and economic development during the last decade. These differences could also be observed during and after the global crisis in 2008. In contrast to the social anti-neoliberal policy implemented in Ecuador and the progressive social and economic policy in Brazil, Mexico has been carrying out the policy of continued neoliberalism. One of the conclusions drawn is that Mexico faces abysmal inequalities and persistence of poverty, which are not only explicated by historical roots, but also by strong applications of neoliberal policies.
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About the Authors


Lukasz Czarnecki

Initially trained as a lawyer, he was drawn into sociology of poverty during his stay in Mexico since 2008. He is a recent recipient of the Ph.D. in Political and Social Science with distinctions from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). He also holds Master in Law and in International Relations from Jagiellonian University of Cracow. Currently, he is Postdoctoral Fellow at the Institute of Economic Research, UNAM. His research focuses on poverty and inequality in the transformed societies, theory of poverty and inequality, democracy, rule of law, and demographic transformations.


Erik Balleza

Master in International Relations from the National Autonomous University of Mexico and doctoral candidate in Political and Social Sciences by the same university. He has conducted research in Brazil at UNESP and UFBA. His research interests are: economics and management of innovation, university-industry linkages, poverty, and regional development.


Mayra Sáenz

Master in Economics with specialization in Economics of Development from the Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences (FLACSO). She worked as a research associate at FLACSO, Ecuador headquarters, from 2011 to mid-2013. Currently, she is working as a consultant in the social sector of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Washington DC headquarters.


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