Edited By Dariusz Jemielniak
The Criminal Judge in Poland in the Twentieth and Twenty-first Centuries, Empirical Studies
Jadwiga Królikowska, Jarosław Utrat-Milecki
The enlightened consciousnesscan adapt to changes in advance2.Emil Durkheim
The changes which are taking place today in the social role played by representatives of the legal professions are nothing special; they take place in all ages, harmonizing with the development of society and its civilizational changes. At all times one must determine the causes of the changes and identify what they consist in and where they lead. When studying them, one also needs to think about what would happen if these changes did not occur.
The role of the legislature and the functions performed by the person carrying out their will vary both continuously and stepwise, and they are evolutionary and revolutionary. Observation of these changes and, in certain cases, managing them is inscribed in the functioning of democratic societies, seeking rational organization of their current activities and planning their future development (Bell 1973, Bell 1989, Coser 1974, Durkheim 2013). The representatives of the legal professions, situated in various locations of the bureaucratic structure of the state, are involved in the making and interpreting of the law. Thus, they define a framework for all types of activities, both social and economic, and political. Their roles and responsibilities as people qualified to create a formal basis for social order, and the rules ← 15 | 16 → of law and order, are determined by the ideology governing the activity of the state in specific historical conditions.
Moments of profound political...
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