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Claim-making and Claim-challenging in English and Polish Linguistic Discourses


Grzegorz Kowalski

The book presents the results of multi-parameter corpus research on Polish and English scientific discourses in the field of Linguistics. Highlighting the relevance of contextual variables (including time, culture, L1 vs. L2 language) in research framework, the study develops a discourse model of the scientific article, integrating paradigmatic, interpersonal and textual dimensions. The model is applied to investigate distribution patterns of linguistic exponents of claim-making and claim-challenging, i.e. two processes fundamental to scientific argumentation. The results show the changes which English and Polish linguistic discourses underwent between 1980 and 2010, and the extent to which English as lingua franca of modern science affects Polish L1 and English L2 linguistic discourses.
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This work is based on my PhD dissertation Pragma-rhetorical Strategies of Claim-making and Claim-challenging in Polish and English Scientific Discourse written under the supervision of Prof. Anna Duszak at the Institute of Applied Linguistics, University of Warsaw, and defended in 2010. The major changes include a bigger corpus of texts (previously 150 texts, 790,000 words, now 210 texts, 1.6 million words) and a revised discourse model of scientific article.

I would like to thank Prof. Anna Duszak for being the supervisor of my PhD dissertation and for her support during my work on this book. Her critical remarks and insightful comments are much appreciated. I am also indebted to Prof. Tomasz P. Krzeszowski and Prof. Piotr Cap for their reviews of my PhD dissertation and this book; their opinions contributed to the final form of this publication. Any remaining errors are my responsibility.

The book presents results of my research carried out in the framework of Grant No. N N104 012037 of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland (2009–2010). Publication of this book was supported by Institute of Applied Linguistics, Faculty of Applied Linguistics (University of Warsaw) and University of Warsaw Foundation.

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