Show Less
Restricted access

Lexico-Phonological Comparative Analysis of Selected Dialects of the Meru-Tharaka Group


Fridah Kanana Erastus

This study is an investigation into the comparative phonology and lexicon of six barely-known Bantu varieties spoken in Kenya. These varieties (Imenti, Igoji, Tharaka, Mwimbi, Muthambi and Chuka) belong to the so-called Meru group. The study develops a new classification of these six dialects. Therefore, a dialectological approach is used, which includes the analysis of wordlists and lists of short phrases elicited in the field. From the data, isoglosses and similarities concerning morpho-phonological processes are drawn. The results show in which respects the dialects differ from each other. Thus, the present work contributes to comparative Bantu linguistics.
Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Chapter 3: Methodology


Chapter 3: Methodology

Data collected by use of various data collection tools can be grouped into two broad classifications as either qualitative or quantitative. Qualitative research includes designs, techniques and measures that do not produce discrete numerical data. More often data are in form of words, explanations, descriptions, opinions, etc.; quantitative research on the other hand includes designs, techniques, and measures that produce discrete numerical or quantifiable data. Therefore, data is in form of frequencies, percentages, correlations among others (Mugenda & Mugenda 1999; Chaudron 1988). The two types of research only constitute different perspectives on the most appropriate method to employ for a particular question (Reichardt & Cook 1979). Researchers have stressed the interdependency of the two approaches. For instance, Mugenda & Mugenda (1999: 156) argue that both methods supplement each other in that qualitative methods provide in-depth explanations while quantitative methods provide the hard data needed to meet required objectives and to test hypotheses. They further note that quantitative approaches in research sometimes yield qualitative data depending on the kind of questions asked. For example, in a descriptive survey, which is typically quantitative, a researcher may include open-ended items where respondents are given an opportunity to express their views, thus yielding qualitative data. At the same time studies that are typically classified as qualitative can also yield quantitative data depending on the objective of the study and data collection procedures.

Chaudron (1988) notes that before one tests hypotheses with quantitative methods, you have derived them...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.