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Learning Politeness

Disagreement in a Second Language


Ian Walkinshaw

Contents: Japanese learners of English – Disagreement speech acts – Theories of politeness – Face-threat – Individualism and collectivism – Power distance – Second language/Culture acquisition – Shifts in production of disagreements – Utterance length – Shifts in recognising and interpreting disagreements – Enryo-based assessments of pragmatic variation – Power-risk assessments of pragmatic variation – Environmental and pedagogical factors influencing pragmatic acquisition.