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A Burial Cave at «Umm Dimis» North of «el-Bālū»


Udo Worschech

In the spring of the year 2000, north of the Iron Age site of el-Bālū c , the present-day inhabitants of the area (known as Umm Dimis) discovered a burial cave containing numerous receptacles and objects from the various settlement epochs of the northern Arḍ el-Kerak. The examination of the burial cave, its further excavation, and the preparation of drawings and photographs of the artifacts then took place in the summers of 2001 and 2002. The burial cave consists of two chambers connected with each other by a narrow corridor about one meter wide, and with the surface by a small opening in the first and a widened opening in the second chamber. Because this discovery is the first relatively widely varied collection of nearly whole vessels in the northern Arḍ el-Kerak – ranging from the early Bronze Age to the late Iron Age III – it is very important that these pieces of pottery and associated artifacts are accessible to the archaeological research in Transjordan. However, in the light of future research and insight the comments on the individual vessels will deserve amendment.
Contents: Plan of the Burial Caves – The Pottery from the Burial Cave of Umm Dimis North of el-Bālūc – Definition and Description of Bowl Forms – Definition and Description of Jar Forms – Definition and Description of Jug and Juglet Forms – Pilgrim flask – Lamps – Summary – Juerg Eggler: Ein Skarabäus und Terrakottafigurinen aus einer Grabhöhle nördlich von el-Bālūc – Color Photos of the Cave Area and the Pottery.