well-being mean when we talk about men and women in the past? Their sheer chances of survival, their protection from want, their social status, their individual agency and their self-esteem were all strongly mediated by the family, the predominant social institution. Family laws and customs of family formation created differences between insiders and outsiders in terms of well-being. Within families, there were strong differences in autonomy, status and freedom between the genders and generations. The book offers a fascinating exploration of gender differences in well-being in many regions of historic Europe, with some comparative perspectives. It explores how historic family systems differed with respect to choosing a marriage partner, transmitting property, living and care conditions of widows and widowers and the position of children born out of wedlock.
Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Oxford, Wien, 2009. XII, 525 pp.
Contents: Margarida Durães/Antoinette Fauve-Chamoux/Llorenç Ferrer Alòs/Jan Kok: Introduction: Historicizing Well-Being from
a Gender Perspective – Marie-Pierre Arrizabalaga: Marriage Strategies and Well-Being among 19th Century Basque Property Owners
– Emília Lagido: Consanguineous Marriages as a Strategy of Well-Being. An Example from 19th Century Alto Minho – Isabel dos
Guimarães Sá: Cousin Marriage and Well-Being among the Portuguese Royal Family during the 15th and 16th Centuries – Constanţa
Vintilă-Ghiţulescu: Marriage Strategies, Women’s Dowries and Conflicts between Relatives in Romanian Society (18th Century)
– Norberta Amorim/Carlota Santos: Marriage Strategies in Azorean Communities of Pico Island (19th Century). Differentiated
Female Behaviour in Choosing a Lifelong Partner – Béatrice Craig: When Generation Trumped Sex. Widow’s Well-Being and the
Transmission of Family Business in 19th Century Northern France – Margarida Durães: Providing Well-Being to Women through
Inheritance and Succession. Portugal in the 18th and 19th Centuries – Beatrice Moring: Men, Women and Property in Finland
and Sweden in the 18th and 19th Centuries – Llorenç Ferrer Alòs: Achieving Well-Being in Spain through the Single Heir System
(18th-19th Centuries) – Richard Paping: Gender and the Intergenerational Transfer of Property and Social Position in the 18th
and early 19th Century Northern Dutch Countryside – Kari Telste: Children Born out of Wedlock. Legal Rights and Social Reforms
in Norway from the 17th Century to the Present – Helena Cristina F. Machado: Illegitimate Children and Court Procedures for
the Determination of Paternity in Portugal (1893-1966). Gendered and Social Differences on Acceding to Inheritance – Paulo
Lopes Matos: Female Life Courses and Property Transmission in the Azorean Periphery (Portugal). The Case of the Island of
São Jorge in the 19th Century – Ofelia Rey Castelao: Well-Being or Survival? Women’s Future and Family Transmission Strategies
in North-Western Rural Spain, 18th-19th Centuries – Antoinette Fauve-Chamoux: To Remarry or Not: Well-Being, Female Property
and Widowhood in Early-Modern France – Mikołaj Szołtysek: Female Headship, Household Position, and Gendered Well-Being in
Peasant Societies. Evidence from the Territories of the Historical Kingdom of Poland (18th Century) – Sølvi Sogner: Gender,
Well-Being, and Old Age for Persons without a Life-Companion. A Rural Case Study around the Turn of the Century 1900. Rendalen,
Norway – Mary Louise Nagata: Provisions for Care and Neighborhood Funds in Early Modern Kyoto.