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Integrative approaches towards sustainability in the Baltic Sea Region

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Walter Leal Filho and Arnolds Ubelis

The challenges of sustainable development require that everybody, every institution and every nation work towards long-term strategies in order to move away from unsustainable practices. The same line of thinking applies to all nations around the Baltic Sea.
A general challenge for the Baltic Sea region is to broaden the interest of people in discussions of national approaches supporting sustainability. Finding effective instruments to support the process of sustainable development in countries in transition with an emerging and largely inexperienced entrepreneur community and economically fragile, is as important as the promotion of long-term integrated sustainability strategies in countries which have well established democracies. The knowledge of the ongoing changes and the driving social, economic and ecological factors essential for the implementation of sustainable development in countries in transition must be broadened.
A special need seen in the three Baltic countries – Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia – as elsewhere in the Baltic region, is the need to avoid development patterns of «business as usual» and to gain access to information and to advancements in sustainable development both in Europe and worldwide. The Baltic countries now joining the EU have to build capacity, for example by establishing teams of young researchers to draw up sustainable development strategies at the national level, which are consistent with European strategies. A bottom-up flow from the grass-root level is required to change the pattern of development strategies in the Baltic countries. The Conference «Integrative Approaches Towards Sustainability», whose experiences are documented in this book, was held on 26-29 March, 2003.
Contents: Uno Svedin: Preface – Arnolds Ūbelis/Jānis Grāvitis/Walter Leal Filho: Introduction – Christian Patermann: Concluding Statement of the International Board of the Conference – David Miles: Sustainable Development and the 6th Framework Programme – Motoyuki Suzuki: Visualisation of a Sustainable Industrialised Society - Zero Emissions Approach – Erling Pedersen: The Industrial Symbiosis at Kalundborg, Denmark - A Profitable Environmental Potential across the Fence – Gunter Pauli: Reshaping Competitive Forces in the Industrialised World – Janis Gravitis/Janis Zandersons/Valery Ozols-Kalnins/Arnis Kokorevics: How Can the Baltic Countries’ Resources be Oriented towards Sustainability? – Charlotte Lagerberg: Efficient Use of Forest Resources – Matti Palo: Sustainable Forestry in Finland and Globalisation: Evolution and Prospects – Urve Kallavus: Towards Nanotechnology through Structural Research – Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek: No Sustainability without Radical Dematerialisation - Technical and Economic Considerations – Georg Winter: Global SMALL (Sustainable Management for All Local Leaders) Initiative for Sustainability – J.L.A. Jansen: From Vision to Action - The Challenge of Transition to Sustainable Development – Joachim H. Spangenberg: Environmentally Sustainable Domestic Consumption: Material-Flow-Based Indicators for Priority Fields of Action – Saulius Vasarevičius: Waste Management in Protected Areas – Bjarne Rasmussen: Approaches for Local and Regional Sustainable Development Experience and Implementation Models from Storstrom County – Per G. Berg: The Sustainable Neighbourhood - from Model Area Hågaby to Common Neighbourhoods in a Baltic Sea Perspective – Sergio Ulgiati: Integrated Indicators to Assess Design, Performance and Environmental Sustainability of Energy Conversion Processes – Gergely Tóth: Agricultural Land Use and Sustainability: Changing Social Requirements and Extending Planning Options - What Can Agricultural Sciences and IT Technologies Offer? – Lars Ryden: Education for Sustainable Development - Experiences from the Baltic 21 Education Process – Walter Leal Filho: Sustainability Teaching at a Technical University - Examples from a Masters Programme on Environmental Engineering – Laima Galkute/Linas Klucininkas: Universities for Social Development – Arnolds Ubelis: Teaching Physics and Sustainability – Hans-Jörg Jacobsen: Education in the Biosciences: Let Facts Dominate over Myths – Ruta Bubniene: Instruments of Sustainable Development at Local Level in Lithuania – Georg Winter: The 3i System: Sustainable Business Management for the Whole Person – Jānis Blahins: Science for Sustainable Development as a Case of System Stability – Jānis Āboliņš: Strategies for Sustainable Development – M. Burinskiené/R. Ušpalytė: A System of Indicators for the Evaluation of Sustainable Urban Development – Lotte Holmberg Rasmussen: Elements of a Sustainable Energy System in Latvia – Ieva Bērziņa/Dina Bērziņa: Coastal Zone Management in Latvia - Legal Instruments – Edgars Andersons: Sustainable Development of the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Riga Region – Michele Galatola: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as an Environmental Management Tool for Sustainable Development – Michele Galatola/Eliana Russo: ISO 14001 Certification and the EMAS Scheme Applied to Small to Medium Enterprises: The ENEA Experience – Isabel Maria Cañamás Llopis/Kerstin Döscher/Julian Fischer/Jörg Hoffmann/Beatriz Vidal Legaz: Sustainable Development in Europe - The Reflection of Current European Policies in the