The Art and Science of How People Learn - Revised Edition
Edited By Greg S. Goodman
5. Behaviorism and and Its Effect upon Learning in the Schools
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Behaviorism and Its Effect upon Learning in the Schools
Behaviorism has had a profound impact in a number of disciplines including psychology, clinical therapy, educational research, and instructional design (Driscoll, 2005). As the first theory that was applied directly to educational settings to facilitate teaching, behaviorism is an extremely important theory in the education field. It was the most dominant theory in American educational psychology between the 1920s and the 1960s and still has tremendous impact on educational practices today. However, behaviorism has been criticized by many researchers, teachers, administrators, and policymakers. The purpose of this chapter is threefold: 1) to develop a correct understanding of behaviorism, 2) to objectively and critically evaluate its effect on learning, and 3) to provide practical guidelines on its applications in school settings.
This chapter is divided into two sections. The first provides an overview of behaviorism, e.g., its history and some key concepts. The second broadly evaluates its effects, both positive and negative, on education. The second part also includes practical guidelines on the applications of behaviorism in actual school and classroom environments. It is my sincere hope that this chapter will help the readers not only develop a deep understanding of behaviorism but also walk away with practical strategies and methods.
OVERVIEW OF BEHAVIORISM
CLASSICAL CONDITIONING BY PAVLOV
Behaviorism began with the Russian psychologist Pavlov and his famous dog...
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