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Educational Psychology Reader

The Art and Science of How People Learn - Revised Edition

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Edited By Greg S. Goodman

The revised edition of Educational Psychology Reader: The Art and Science of How People Learn presents an exciting amalgam of educational psychology’s research-based reflections framed in twenty-first century critical educational psychology. As a discipline, educational psychology is reinventing itself from its early and almost exclusive identification with psychometrics and taxonomy-styled classifications to a dynamic and multicultural collage of conversations concerning language acquisition, socially mediated learning, diverse learning modalities, motivation, the affective domain, brain-based learning, the role of ecology in increasing achievement, and many other complementary dimensions of how people learn. Many polymaths of the discipline are included in this volume, providing daunting evidence of the range and intellectual rigor of educational psychology at this historical juncture. Featuring a collection of renowned international authors, this text will appeal to scholars across the globe. The Educational Psychology Reader is an ideal choice as either the primary or supplemental text for both undergraduate and graduate level educational psychology courses.
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5. Behaviorism and and Its Effect upon Learning in the Schools

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CHAPTER FIVE

Behaviorism and Its Effect upon Learning in the Schools

Dengting Boyanton



Behaviorism has had a profound impact in a number of disciplines including psychology, clinical therapy, educational research, and instructional design (Driscoll, 2005). As the first theory that was applied directly to educational settings to facilitate teaching, behaviorism is an extremely important theory in the education field. It was the most dominant theory in American educational psychology between the 1920s and the 1960s and still has tremendous impact on educational practices today. However, behaviorism has been criticized by many researchers, teachers, administrators, and policymakers. The purpose of this chapter is threefold: 1) to develop a correct understanding of behaviorism, 2) to objectively and critically evaluate its effect on learning, and 3) to provide practical guidelines on its applications in school settings.

This chapter is divided into two sections. The first provides an overview of behaviorism, e.g., its history and some key concepts. The second broadly evaluates its effects, both positive and negative, on education. The second part also includes practical guidelines on the applications of behaviorism in actual school and classroom environments. It is my sincere hope that this chapter will help the readers not only develop a deep understanding of behaviorism but also walk away with practical strategies and methods.

OVERVIEW OF BEHAVIORISM

CLASSICAL CONDITIONING BY PAVLOV

Behaviorism began with the Russian psychologist Pavlov and his famous dog...

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